The last ancient Egyptian site that my family and I saw on November 6th was Giza. The Giza Plateau contains ten different ruins; the Great Pyramid of Giza, Khafre’s Pyramid, Menkaure’s Pyramid, the Sphinx, and six smaller pyramids that belong to the named pharaoh’s wives, daughters and mothers.
The first pyramid that we saw was the Great Pyramid of Giza, which was ordered by Khufu. It is the tallest pyramid built by the ancient Egyptians with a height of ? . This pyramid was built from 2580 to 2560 B.C.E., but nobody was found inside the pyramid. It is believed that looters stole the mummy. Outside the pyramid there were the remainders on a causeway coming from the funerary complex to the pyramid, on which Khufu’s sarcophagus would have been transported to the pyramid, after mummification.
Khafre’s Pyramid was the second pyramid that we visited at Giza. This pyramid was ordered by Khafre, and was constructed around 2570 B.C.E. This pyramid is 136 meters in height – the second tallest built by the ancient Egyptian empire.
The last pyramid that we visited at Giza was Menkaure’s Pyramid. Menkaure ordered this pyramid around 2510 B.C.E., the youngest pyramid at Giza. This pyramid is also very small relative to the others, with a height of only 65 meters.
Our last stop at our last site was the Sphinx. It is believed that the Sphinx represents the pharaoh Khafre, who also ordered this giant statue. Construction started on the Sphinx in 2558 B.C.E., and was finished in 2532 B.C.E. Something about the Sphinx that was different then my expectations was the size of the Sphinx. I had thought that the Sphinx would be much bigger, as in pictures I had always seen it with pyramids in the distance, and the Sphinx look about the same size as the pyramids. I knew that the pyramids were a distance behind the Sphinx (my perspective), but I didn’t realize how far back the pyramids were.
It was amazing to see ruins that had survived more then 4000 years, and I found it astounding that the ancient Egyptians could lift such huge pieces of rock. Another thing that I found interesting was how the ancient Egyptians could decorate their tombs. I can’t imagine how much work must have been put into them. Overall I really enjoyed our time at the pyramids near Cairo.